Dental Crown Types to Choose From
Once you figured that you need a dental crown, the next step is to figure out which type of crown best fits your needs. This guide attempts to help you in making that decision.
A dental crown, also known as a “cap”, is a device especially designed and made in a lab to be used in restorative treatments. A crown can either cover a spoiled tooth or be fixed to an implant. Dental crowns are key in permanent treatments as they are meant to function and look like a natural tooth. Typically, before getting your permanent crown, you will be taken a mold, your tooth will be reshaped and you will have to wear a temporary crown for just a few days until the final cap is fixed.
Dental crowns include: all-metal, ceramic fused to metal and all-ceramic crowns. Since a crown will play the role of a new tooth, it is crucial to consider some aspects that have to do with strength, aesthetics and adaptability of your gums and nearby teeth. Looking closer at the different types of crowns may help you decide which one makes the best choice for you.
Usually made of gold, copper and a mix of other metals, gold crowns don’t make a very popular choice due to their color (we generally don’t like a gold tooth to show when we smile.) However, you may need this type of crown for back teeth since they are particularly resistant and strong. Gold crowns are less likely to break and are a good option if you don’t want so much of your tooth to be removed. As a noble metal, gold is less likely to cause allergic reactions to your gums. You may also find dentists recommending these types of crowns if you have bruxism, for example.
PORCELAIN FUSED TO METAL CROWNS
Despite the great strength of gold crowns, you may simply opt for porcelain crowns fused-to-metal crowns as they provide both good aesthetics and strength. PFM crowns have provided excellent results for many years now. They are a mixture of all-metal and all-ceramic crowns: they are made of metal, but covered with a layer of porcelain, making the crown look like a natural tooth. Like gold crowns, PFM crowns are strong. Unlike gold crowns, they give a natural look and that’s why they are good for both front and back teeth. However, in some cases, if your gums recede, for example, the metal under the porcelain can show a dark grey line on your gums. And again, if you suffer from bruxism, these crowns may not be recommendable as they may wear the teeth they bite against.
These crowns are made of all porcelain, looking a lot like a natural tooth due to their translucence. For that reason, they make one of the most attractive types of crowns. You may opt for all-porcelain crowns for front teeth if you want to give your smile a white and even look. The downsides: porcelain is much more brittle and that means it might not make the best choice if you need to strengthen your teeth or your bite. However, for front restoration, you may care more about aesthetics than strength.